Foreign Policy Fundamentalism


[1] Nate Silver. “Is Jeb Bush too Liberal to Win the Republican Nomination in 2016?” Five-Thirty-Eight. 16 December 2014.

[2] Zach Beauchamp. “On Foreign Policy, Jeb Bush Sounds Like His Brother. Smart Play.” Vox. 18 February 2015.
Peter Beinart. “Jeb Bush’s Foreign Policy Problem.” The Atlantic. 19 February 2015.
Marc Caputo. “Jeb Bush Sets Out Foreign Policy Vision as he Mulls Presidential Bid.” Tampa Bay Times. 2 December 2014.
Yochi Dreazen & Siddhartha Mahanta. “When It Comes to Foreign Policy, Is Jeb Bush His Brother’s Keeper?Foreign Policy. 17 December 2014.

[3] For the interested reader, I systematically explore the profound errors underlying popular narratives on credibility here:

Musa al-Gharbi. “Obama Must Abandon Failed Strategies in Syria and Ukraine.” Al-Jazeera America. 13 November 2014.
ibid. “Why America Lacks Credibility in the Middle East.” Foreign Policy in Focus. 10 March 2015.

[4] Ben Kamisar. “Ben Carson Trips Up in Foreign Policy Interview.” The Hill. 18 March 2015.
Philip Klein. “Rubio v. Cruz is the Most Important Foreign Policy Battle of 2016.” Washington Examiner. 16 April 2015.
Mitt Romney. “The Price of Failed Leadership.” Wall Street Journal. 17 March 2014.
Danny Vinik. ”Rand Paul Becomes Less of a Libertarian Every Day.” The New Republic. 7 April 2015.

[5] John Avlon. “Libya Airstrikes: The Women Who Called for War.” The Daily Beast. 20 March 2011.
Peter Beinart. “Israel’s New Lawyer: Hillary Clinton.” Haaretz. 11 August 2014.
ibid. “What’s Missing from Hillary’s Iraq Apology.” The Atlantic. 9 June 2014.
Zack Beauchamp. “Hillary Clinton Will Pull the Democrats—and the Country—in a Hawkish Direction.” Vox. 13 April 2015.
Robert Golan-Viella. “Hillary Clinton’s Afghanistan Problem.” The National Interest. 17 December 2013. Mark Kennedy. “Hillary Clinton to Ottawa Audience: ‘Military Action is Critical’ Against ISIS.” National Post, 6 October 2014.
Howard LeFranchi. “Hillary Clinton Floats a Syria No-Fly Zone. How Real an Option for the U.S.?Christian Science Monitor. 13 August 2012.
Laura Meckler. “Hillary Clinton is Both Supportive and Skeptical of Iran Nuclear Talks.” Wall Street Journal. 30 March 2015.
Arshad Mohammad. “Clinton Defends Drone Strikes After al-Qaeda Leader Abu Yahya al-Libi Killed.” Huffington Post. 7 August 2012.
David Morgan. “Clinton Says U.S. could ‘Totally Obliterate’ Iran.” Reuters. 22 April 2008.
Josh Rogin. “Hillary Clinton Celebrates the Iran Sanctions that her State Department Tried to Stop.” The Daily Beast. 15 May 2014.
Timothy Stanley. “Hillary, Putin’s No Hitler.” CNN. 5 March 2014.
Shannon Tiezzi. “Imagining U.S.-China Relations Under Hillary Clinton.” The Diplomat. 30 July 2014.
Kelley Vlahos. “The Military-Industrial Candidate.” The American Conservative. 20 November 2014.

[6] Mike Allen. “’Don’t Do Stupid S—‘ (Stuff).” Politico. 1 June 2014.

[7] Jeffery Goldberg. “Hillary Clinton: ‘Failure’ to Help Syrian Rebels Led to the Rise of ISIS.” The Atlantic. 10 August 2014.

[8] Nassim Nicholas Taleb. “Naïve Intervention.” Antifragile: Things That Gain from Disorder. Random House, 2014: pp. 110-20.

[9] Michael T. Klare. “Why Hillary Clinton is Wrong About Obama’s Foreign Policy.” The Nation. 3 September 2014.

[10] Adam Gopnik. “Does it Help to Know History?” The New Yorker. 28 August 2014.
Jacob Heilbrunn. “Misusing History.” The National Interest. 22 April 2014.
Daniel Larison. “The Uses and Abuses of Historical Analogies.” The American Conservative. 1 December 2014.
Nassim Nicholas Taleb. “One Thousand and One Days, or How Not to be a Sucker.” Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable (2nd Edition). Random House, 2010: pp. 38-50.

[11] Nassim Nicholas Taleb. “The Problem of Induction.” Fooled by Randomness: The Hidden Role of Chance in Life and in the Markets. Random House, 2005: pp. 116-35.

[12] David T. Moore. “On Being Mindful.” Sensemaking: A Structure for an Intelligence Revolution (2nd Edition). National Defense Intelligence College, 2013: pp. xxiii-xxv.

[13] Daniel Larison. “Lessons from the Libyan War.” The American Conservative. 19 November 2014.
Michael J. Mazarr. “Rethinking Risk in Defense.” War on the Rocks. 13 April 2015.
William R. Polk. “The Mental Block and the Broadside.” Middle East Policy. 17 June 2014.
Jeremy Shapiro. “First Rate Intelligence: U.S. Government Understanding of the Syrian Civil War.” Project on Middle East Political Science. 12 February 2014.

[14] I explore this point at length in:

Musa al-Gharbi. Building on Nietzsche’s Prelude: Reforming Epistemology for the Philosophy of the Future. Universal Publishers, 2014.

[15] Stephen J. Dubner. “The Folly of Prediction.” Freakonomics. 14 September 2011.
Robert W. Merry. “Obama’s Ukraine Folly Comes Full-Circle.” The National Interest. 6 September 2014. Randall W. Stone. “The Use and Abuse of Game Theory in International Relations: The Theory of Moves.” Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 45, No. 2: pp. 216-44.
James Traub. “Bashar al-Assad and the Devil’s Bargain.” Foreign Policy. 14 November 2014.
Stephen Walt. “Democracy, Freedom and Apple Pie Aren’t a Foreign Policy.” Foreign Policy. 1 July 2014.

[16] Andrew Bacevich. “Save Us from Washington’s Visionaries.” Huffington Post. 31 March 2015.
James Carden. “Grand Strategy is Bunk.” The American Conservative. 3 December 2014.

[17] Elisabeth Anker. “The Danger in Political Melodrama.” New America. 9 October 2014.
Daniel Larison. “Bumper Sticker Foreign Policy and the 2016 Election.” The American Conservative. 23 April 2015.

[18] David Bromwich. “The Immorality of American Exceptionalism.” The American Conservative. 23 October 2014.

[19] John Mueller. “Syria: It Wasn’t Isolationism.” The National Interest. 14 October 2013.

[20] W. James Antle III. “’Isolationism’ Has Lost All Meaning.” The American Conservative. 29 December 2014.
Andrew Bacevich. “American Isolationism: Nothing More Than a Myth.” Mother Jones. 24 October 2013.
Noah Millman. “Who Would Vote for a Peace Candidate?” The American Conservative. 27 January 2015.
Joseph S. Nye Jr. “A Smarter Superpower.” Foreign Policy. 13 October 2009.

[21] Michael Crowley. “This May Be the Real Obama Doctrine.” Time. 28 May 2014.

[22] Marwan Bishara. “U.S. Political High Priests.” Al-Jazeera English. 2 April 2014.

[23] Harry Alsop. “Americans Surveyed: Misunderstood, Misrepresented, or Ignorant?The Telegraph. 15 February 2014.
Zack Beauchamp. “American Overreaction about ISIS isn’t just Wrong—It’s Dangerous.Vox. 1 October 2014.
Noam Chomsky. “Why Americans are Knowledgeable about Sports but Ignorant about Foreign Affairs.” AlterNet. 15 September 2014.
James Fallows. “The Tragedy of the American Military.” The Atlantic. January/February 2015.
C.J. Werleman. “The Shocking Numbers: Americans are Dangerously Ignorant on Politics.” AlterNet. 18 June 2014.

[24] Jordan Olmstead. “Maintaining the Status-Quo ≠ Advancing National Interests.” SISMEC. 5 May 2015.

[25] Juan Cole. “Top 10 Ways the U.S. is the Most Corrupt Country in the World.” Informed Comment. 3 December 2013.

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